Somalia Fact Sheet: 2019 – Quarter 2
➤ Number in need of food/humanitarian aid: 5.4 million
➤ Malnourished children: 1.2 million
➤ Internally displaced people: 2.6 million
➤ Number of refugees: nearly 1 million (as of June, 2019)
Somalia is experiencing the negative impact of erratic and abnormally performing Gu’ rains (April – June) which followed a poor 2018 Deyr season (Oct-Dec), and unusually dry conditions during the 2019 Jilaal season (Jan-Mar). This has compounded the limited recovery from the severe drought of 2016/17. The effects of the poor Gu’ are expected to persist until late 2019.
Conflict, insecurity, lack of road access and limited logistical capacity continue to hamper the delivery of aid. In the first half of 2019, 51 humanitarian personnel were directly affected by violent incidents. Of these, two humanitarian workers were killed, two injured, 11 abducted, five arrested or temporarily detained, and two expelled by authorities for alleged infractions. Improvised explosive device attacks in highly-populated areas, particularly in Mogadishu, continue to claim civilian victims, including humanitarians. Humanitarian organizations are experiencing road access challenges in 42 districts across the country.
The humanitarian operation in Somalia remains underfunded despite the deterioration in the humanitarian situation. At the end of the first half of the year, $473 million had been received for the Somalia operation with $410 million towards the 2019 Somalia Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) and $59 million for activities strategically aligned with, but outside of the Plan. Current humanitarian funding to Somalia is lower than that recorded by mid-2018 when the Somalia operation had already received $711 million. Funding for the food security cluster is below 50 per cent of financial needs.
The Overall 2019 Gu season rainfall performance was normal to below normal in terms of amount but highly erratic and poorly distributed. The rains started a month late in most areas leading to a prolonged dry period in some areas and moderate drought conditions in others especially during March and April. The last half of May saw increased rainfall activity, including heavy storms that lasted a few hours and distributed within a period of less than ten days during the whole season.