2,505,810 sq km

Major Languages

Sudanis one the countries in which ARAHA’s Field office is located

Life expectancy

Total population: 51.42 years
Male: 50.49 years
Female: 52.4 years (2009 est.)

Major Diseases Degree of risk: ?very high.
Food or waterborne diseases:? bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and
typhoid fever.
Vectorborne diseases:? malaria, dengue fever, African trypanosomiasis (sleeping
Water contact disease:? schistosomiasis.
Respiratory disease:? meningococcal meningitis.
Animal contact disease:? rabies.
Political Climate
In the South, 20 years of conflict left an estimated 2 million people dead, 4 million
displaced and more than 600,000 living as refugees outside the country.
Recently, most people have seen the Save Darfur Campaign that has swept the nation.
The situation in Darfur, Sudan is deteriorating and some humanitarian activists are
calling it genocide. According to the UN, the death toll is estimated at about 300,000

while 2.5 million civilians have fled to refugee camps in neighboring countries of Chad
and the Central African Republic. The constant ignorance of the Sudan government
continues to hinder the humanitarian relief that is being sent to Darfur.
According to World Food Program (WFP) 41 percent of children under the age of five are
underweight. Sudan’s Global Hunger index value is at approximately 21 percent
(TheGHI is calculated by combining three indicators: level of child malnutrition, rates of
child mortality, and the proportion of people who are calorie deficient).
Sudan is characterized as a low-income.
Threats to Food Security (WFP)
? Ongoing conflict.
? Extremely low level of basic infrastructures.
? Internally displaced populations.
? Extreme environmental conditions.
The main challenge facing the education system in Sudan is lack of qualified
administrative and technical staff. Lack of learning facilities has made it difficult for the
school to enroll more students. Additionally, the hardship of civil war and natural disaster
of floods, desertification has slowed the intervention from the Sudan government
(Sudan’s Federal Ministry of Education).
? Enrollment ratio
? Pre-school: 25% for both sexes.
? Basic education: 59.4%
? Secondary education: NA