Degree of risk:
- Food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever.
- Vector borne diseases: malaria.
- Respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis.
- Animal contact disease: rabies.
- Water contact disease: schistosomiasis (2009).
- 6.4 million People are critically affected by; malnutrition, Acute Watery Diarrhea, floods, poor access to health care services and critical water and sanitation shortage(UNICEF).
Current Environmental Issue
deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; water shortages in some areas from water-intensive farming and poor management.
- Literacy rate 42.7%
- Public education is compulsory and free at the primary level
- 31% of primary-school-age children were enrolled in school (Encyclopedia of Nations)
- One of the lowest primary education enrolment rates in the world (WFP)
- The World Food Program estimates 38% of children under the age of five are underweight. Additionally, 46% of the country’s population is undernourished.
- 4.6 million People are in urgent need of food assistance (WFP).
- 5.7 million people are affected by drought every year(UNICEF).
Threats to food security
- Frequent drought.
- Soil Erosion.
- Declining world prices of cash crops.
- GDP: $13.3 billions.
- 23% of population lives under $1/day.
Ethiopia factsheet: 2017 – Quarter 4
“Climate-induced recurrent drought has placed Ethiopia as one of the major and long-standing recipients of life-saving humanitarian assistance for the last two decades. As the humanitarian response to such droughts continues to grow, the international community is considering the case of longer-term planning, in the form of a multi-year framework, together with the Government, on how to best address humanitarian needs that are predictable and recurrent.”
- Number in need of food aid: 8.5 million.
- Malnourished children and lactating women: 2.7 million.
- Internally displaced people: 220,000.
- Number of refugees: 791,631.
Three successive years of low rainfall, brought on by the La Nina pattern and higher temperatures related to climate change, are making the food situation untenable. Dry and hot temperatures have made Ethiopian coffee production unstable, according to a recent article by Al Jazeera. Within the next several decades, it is estimated that up to 60% of the land currently used to grow coffee will be unable to support production due to long-term climate change. Tensions between Ethiopia and Egypt continue as the Ethiopian government pursues the construction of a dam on the Nile river.
The number of people going hungry in Ethiopia is alarming. Over 8.5 million are in need of food, and 9.1 million lack access to safe drinking water. This level of food insecurity is exacerbated by the fact that pastoralists are losing livelihoods due to drought, and a pest species has been killing off maize and other plants that people rely on in the region.
Internally displaced persons
In the first 6 months of 2017, over 220,000 people were displaced in Ethiopia due to conflict and natural disasters. The number of refugees is also quite high, exceeding 790,000.