Somali, Arabic, Italian, English
Total population: 51.42 years
Male: 47 years
Female: 49 years
Degree of risk: high.
Due to the ongoing civil war, the statistics for per capita GDP and the percentage of the population living below the national poverty line are unavailable, even though Somalia has been classified as a low-income country by the World Bank. Furthermore, Somalia is considered a low-income country with an estimated 45 percent of the population living on less than $1 a day(The UK’s Department of International Development (DFID).
“Humanitarian response [in Somalia] in 2016 and 2017 focused on saving lives and preventing famine, and humanitarian action was not designed nor able to provide sustainable solutions to the underlying drivers of growing humanitarian needs.”
Fortunately, major famine in Somalia was avoided in 2017 due to fast-acting responses by many humanitarian organizations. However, the drought that has lasted for several seasons is still ongoing, and the La Nina weather pattern that is partially to blame for the extremely dry conditions is forecasted to extend into 2018. Half of Somalia’s population is still in need of humanitarian aid after the difficult year of drought in 2017.
Violence in the Middle and Lower Shabelle regions have pushed more refugees into Mogadishu. An estimated 10,000 are joining drought-related refugees and creating over-cramped refugee camp
conditions. The death toll from two October 14 the truck bombings in Mogadishu has risen to 512. The original number was estimated to be around 360. Meanwhile, 70 people remain missing and no group has claimed responsibility for the attack.
Measures of food security in Somalia continue to be poor. Northern Somalia is experiencing food security situations that are crisis-level, while southern Somalia (from Hiraan and Middle Shabelle southward) is in slightly better condition but still heavily stressed by the drought. No part of Somalia is currently experiencing full-scale famine. Due to these conditions, an estimated 1.2 million children are malnourished, as well as many thousands of adults.
Currently, 2.1 million people in Somalia are considered IDPs. This number has grown very rapidly, with over 1 million displacements between January and October of 2017. Again, this is largely due to the drought, as the dry conditions pushed pastoralists and others out of their normal homes to seek food and water for themselves and for their livestock. IDPs—especially women and children—are more vulnerable to crime and poor treatment, so there is an urgent need for improved conditions that will allow the displaced to return to their homes.