2,505,810 sq km

Major Languages

Arabic(official), English (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, diverse dialects of Nilotic, Nilo-Hamitic, Sudanic

Life expectancy

Total population: 51.42 years
Male: 50.49 years
Female: 52.4 years (2009 est.)


Major Diseases

Degree of risk: very high.
  • Food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever.
  • Vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness).
  • Water contact disease: schistosomiasis.
  • Respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis.
  • Animal contact disease: rabies.

Political Climate

  • In the South, 20 years of conflict left an estimated 2 million people dead, 4 million displaced and more than 600,000 living as refugees outside the country.
  • Recently, most people have seen the Save Darfur Campaign that has swept the nation. The situation in Darfur, Sudan is deteriorating and some humanitarian activists are calling it genocide. According to the UN, the death toll is estimated at about 300,000 while 2.5 million civilians have fled to refugee camps in neighboring countries of Chad and the Central African Republic. The constant ignorance of the Sudan government continues to hinder the humanitarian relief that is being sent to Darfur.


  • According to World Food Program (WFP) 41 percent of children under the age of five are underweight. Sudan’s Global Hunger index value is at approximately 21 percent (TheGHI is calculated by combining three indicators: level of child malnutrition, rates of child mortality, and the proportion of people who are calorie deficient).
  • Sudan is characterized as a low-income.
  • Threats to Food Security (WFP)
    • Ongoing conflict.
    • Extremely low level of basic infrastructures.
    • Internally displaced populations.
    • Extreme environmental conditions.


Enrollment ratio
  • Pre-school: 25% for both sexes.
  • Basic education: 59.4%
  • Secondary education: NA.
  • The main challenge facing the education system in Sudan is lack of qualified administrative and technical staff. Lack of learning facilities has made it difficult for the school to enroll more students. Additionally, the hardship of civil war and natural disaster of floods, desertification has slowed the intervention from the Sudan government (Sudan’s Federal Ministry of Education).

Sudan factsheet: 2017 – Quarter 4



“Sudan faces two major overlapping humanitarian challenges: one triggered by conflict leading to wide-scale population displacement and another due to climatic and socio-cultural conditions leading to crisis levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.”

  • Number in need of food aid: 3.6 million.
  • Malnourished children: 2.2 million.
  • Internally displaced people: 2.3 million.
  • Number of refugees: 800,000.

News Highlights

US sanctions that have been in place on Sudan since 1997 have been lifted. The move will ease transfers of funding to and from Sudan and may bring benefits to many of the country’s economically disadvantaged residents. The presidents of Sudan and South Sudan met in November to discuss border and security problems, although several other topics on which the two nations conflict were not addressed.

Food security

An estimated 10% of Sudan’s population is food insecure, and 3.6 million are in need of food and livelihood assistance. While this number is quite high, it is lower than it was in 2016 due to improved rainfall amounts. Additionally, 2.2 million children under 5 are acutely malnourished, and the effects are apparent, with a third of these children showing signs of stunting.

Internally displaced persons

At the start of 2017, there were 2.1-2.3 million IDPs in Sudan, as well as 800,000 refugees. All are in need of food and WASH assistance, as well as physical and legal protection due to their itinerant status.